[ Bone China VS Porcelain ] What is The Difference Between Bone China and Porcelain

You may have heard of bone china and porcelain if you’ve been conducting comprehensive research on plates and plating with the purpose of selecting the best tableware available so you can create the perfect dinner table.

What’s the difference between the two? Also, why are dishes referred to as china? Porcelain and bone china are two ceramics that are quite similar in appearance.

Bone China Vs Porcelain

To summarize, both types of ceramics are really elegant tableware that is typically used on special occasions. You undoubtedly want to know what sort of dishes you have, whether you have your own or have lately acquired some. Many people can’t tell the difference between bone china and porcelain just by looking at them, but there are a few key differences. 

Bone China Vs Porcelain; Pros & Cons

Image Credit: thespruce

Which is the best Bone China Vs Porcelain?

The only difference between bone china and porcelain manufacture is the addition of bone ash to the bone china result. Tableware made of bone ash is stronger than porcelain because it is softer, less brittle, and less prone to shatter.

Because porcelain is forged at a greater temperature than bone china, it is often thicker. Due to its milky texture and beautifully lightweight, delicate feel, bone china has a more exquisite appearance at the dining table than porcelain.

Bone China

Bone China

The name “bone china” comes from the fact that it is formed of bone ash. Animal bones, mainly cow bones, are pulverized into an ash consistency, which is what bone ash is.

Bone china dishware has a certain amount of bone ash, usually between 30 and 45 percent, mixed together with additional elements such as quartz, kaolin (a kind of clay), feldspar, ball clay, silica, and other materials. After that, the mixture is sculpted or molded into the appropriate shape and fired.



Porcelain is substantially heavier and fragile than bone china, making it susceptible to chipping. Before being cooked in a kiln, the clay is crushed into shapes. It is resistant to both heat and water, making it ideal for both indoor and outdoor use. 

Porcelain dinnerware differs from bone china dinnerware in one significant way: it does not include bone ash. Porcelain’s components have changed throughout time and place, making it difficult to identify what your porcelain dishware are composed of unless you know when and where they were manufactured.

Color & Looks

If you look closely, though, you’ll discover that bone China isn’t as brightly white as porcelain. Due to the presence of bone ash, the color of bone China is creamy white. Finally, because bone china is so thin and light, it tends to be transparent.


The firing temperature in the manufacturing of bone china is normally lower than in the creation of porcelain.


Porcelain is made out of kaolin, feldspar, and quartz, whereas bone china is made up of bone ash, china clay, and china stone.


Bone china is the most durable form compared to other porcelain tableware.


Furthermore, bone china is less brightly colored than porcelain and has a more off-white hue.


Porcelain has a higher weight than bone china, which is lighter and thinner.

Bone China Vs Porcelain

  • The hue of bone china is more off-white than porcelain.
  • Porcelain is also more durable than bone china and feels heavier in the hand.
  • On the bottom of a piece of bone china, the words “bone china” are usually written.
  • When you hold bone china up to the light, you’ll see that it’s more translucent.

Pros of Bone China

  • Durability & Break Resistant
  • Beautiful & Elegant Appearance
  • Good insulation. Compared with traditional porcelain, bone China has better thermal insulation and has more experience when drinking coffee or brewing tea.
  • Dishwasher, Microwave & Oven Safe and Easy to Clean
  • The vessels are in regular shape. The screen is brighter, and the texture of the glazing has improved.
  • Better strength, a slimmer physique, and a lower specific gravity.
  • Environmentally friendly, low-lead or lead-free
  • Shape is stylish, attractive, and useful.

Cons of Bone China

  • Comparatively it can be really expensive
  • Dishwashing detergent restrictions
  • Hand washing is required. If you truly don’t want to handle the dishes by hand, look for a dishwasher that has a “porcelain and crystal” cycle.
  • To avoid corrosion, gold-edged tableware should not be used in the microwave.
  • Washing water should have a pH of 11-11.5.
  • The water temperature should not exceed 80 °C while washing with clean water.
  • To avoid damaging the porcelain due to fast temperature fluctuations, do not immerse hot dinnerware straight in cold water.
  • To avoid bursting, it is better not to use it with rapid heat
  • Burning directly with flame is not recommended.

Pros of Porcelain

  • Heat Resistant
  • Durable
  • Non-Stick & Easy To Clean
  • Versatile
  • Microwave Friendly
  • Light Weight
  • Low Maintenance Tableware
  • Healthy and non-toxic cooking
  • 100% Hygienic
  • Scratch Resistant
  • Massive Collection Possibilities & Inexpensive
  • Safe To Use Around Kids and Pets
  •  Environmentally Friendly and Sustainable

Cons of Porcelain

  • Heavy
  • Low Heat Conductivity
  • Chipping
  • Must limit time in the microwave, as heat could cause cracks


Which is of better quality: Bone China or Porcelain?

Bone china has a thinner glaze and a smoother finish than porcelain china. However, because the glaze is softer, it is not as durable as porcelain china. “Bone china” is made in the same fashion as porcelain china, but with the addition of bone ash.

Which is more expensive?

Bone china is a form of porcelain that is distinguished from other porcelain by the inclusion of bone ash during the production process. Its price is higher than that of most porcelains.

Which is better for everyday use?

Bone china is the most durable of the porcelain and china ceramics, meaning it will likely withstand daily usage as well as the inevitable slips of the hand or knocks off the table.


To summarize, bone china is a form of porcelain that is differentiated from other porcelains by the inclusion of bone ash during the production process. Its price is higher than that of most porcelains. It is crucial to remember, however, that certain excellent china items are more expensive.

Hope you found the read interesting. Happy hunting!

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